The dark web, alternatively known as the darknet or deep web, has long been a subject of controversy. The concept of “onion routing,” that is messages encapsulated in layers of encryption like the layers of an onion, on a secure, private internet was originally conceived by researchers at the U.S. Naval Research Lab.
Last year, the South China Morning Post reported that “surveillance spending in the far western [Xinjiang] region – one of the most policed places on earth – ballooned nearly 100% [in 2017] to US$8.8 billion.
It’s been quite a year already. Global data breaches have already compromised 4.5 billion records in the first half of 2018, a 133% increase compared to the same time last year.